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First Republic shares fall despite unprecedented Wall Street rescue deal


George Ball, Chairman of Sanders Morris Harris, said that the troubles at First Republic Bank make it “an interesting example of investors, I think, anticipating a problem where none exists. But the very anticipation of the drawdown in their deposit base has put the bank at some degree of risk.”

A First Republic Bank branch is pictured in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, New York, U.S., March 13, 2023. REUTERS/Mike Segar

First Republic Bank’s (FRC.N) shares fell 17% in extended trading on Thursday, despite an unprecedented show of support in the bank from nearly a dozen of the world’s largest financial institutions.

In an unusual rescue that several sources said was orchestrated by JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM.N) Chief Executive Jamie Dimon earlier this week along with Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, 11 Wall Street firms said they were depositing $30 billion into First Republic.

Investors’ relief, however, was short-lived. The bank’s shares, which had closed 10% higher after a volatile day that saw trading halted 17 times, slumped in after-market trading. Volume hit 15.6 million shares in the post-market session.

The reversal came after First Republic said in a filing that it was suspending its dividend. It also said it had a cash position of about $34 billion, excluding the $30 billion in new deposits.

The company also said it had borrowed up to $109 billion from the Fed between March 10 and March 15, and an additional $10 billion from the Federal Home Loan Bank on March 9.

The reversal in First Republic’s shares after the rescue deal from the biggest U.S. banks underscores the extent of jitters in global markets, set in motion when two regional banks failed. Separate attempts earlier this week by U.S. and European regulators to calm investors through emergency measures to shore up confidence in the banking sector have not stuck.

Jason Ware, chief investment officer for Albion Financial Group, said the Dimon-led banking sector intervention on Thursday was a “shot in the arm of the system” but likely more was needed. “It’s not big enough,” Ware said.

Ware added that it also crystallized in investors’ minds that there were deeper problems at First Republic.

Founded in 1985, First Republic had $212 billion in assets and $176.4 billion in deposits as of the end of last year, according to its annual report.

About 70% of its deposits are uninsured, above the median of 55% for medium-sized banks and the third highest in the group after Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank, according to a Bank of America note.

The bank’s shares have been hit hard in recent days in the aftermath of the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank.

As the situation got worse, Dimon discussed the idea of a rescue package with Yellen and Powell earlier this week, two sources familiar with the matter said.

Citigroup Inc’s (C.N) CEO Jane Fraser also reached out to large banks to recruit them to join the rescue effort, two other sources familiar with the matter said.

A central player in the deal was Rodgin Cohen, a veteran lawyer at Sullivan & Cromwell, two of the sources familiar with the matter said. Sullivan & Cromwell did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The rescue saw large lenders such as JPMorgan, Bank of America Corp (BAC.N) Citigroup and Wells Fargo & Co (WFC.N) make uninsured deposits of $5 billion each into First Republic.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc (GS.N), Morgan Stanley (MS.N) also agreed to pump in $2.5 billion each. Other lenders including BNY Mellon (BK.N), PNC Financial Services Group (PNC.N), State Street Corp (STT.N), Truist Financial Corp (TFC.N) and U.S. Bancorp (USB.N) channeled $1 billion of deposits into the San Francisco-based lender.

The banks will keep the funds at First Republic for an initial term of at least 120 days.

“America benefits from a healthy and functioning financial system, and banks of all sizes are critical to our economy,” Citigroup said in a statement, underscoring the importance of mid-size and community banks.

“This show of support by a group of large banks is most welcome, and demonstrates the resilience of the banking system,” regulators said in a joint statement soon after the announcement.

Powell said the Fed was always ready to provide liquidity through its discount window.

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