1. New York and Brooklyn from Michael_Novakhov (111 sites): “Fort Hamilton Brooklyn” – Google News: Scoreboard – The Tribune – Ironton Tribune

Scoreboard – The Tribune  Ironton Tribune

Reds’ boxscore. FRIDAY’S GAME Dodgers 6, Reds 0. Los Angeles (NL) Cincinnati ab r h bi ab r h bi. Pderson lf 3 1 1 1 Senzel cf 3 0 0 0. C.Tylor ph-lf 1 0 0 0 …

“Fort Hamilton Brooklyn” – Google News

1. New York and Brooklyn from Michael_Novakhov (111 sites)

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The Global Security News: “mueller” – Google News: Flynn contacted GOP Mueller critic while cooperating with special counsel – CNN

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May 17, 2019
“mueller” – Google News: Flynn contacted GOP Mueller critic while cooperating with special counsel – CNN
Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political criminology” – Google News: ‘I am not a statistic’: Young Central Valley mom graduates from Fresno State – YourCentralValley.com
Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Lawbreakers to lawmakers? The ‘criminal candidates’ standing in India’s election – Reuters
Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Norway talks sought ‘peaceful agenda’ with opposition – Venezuela crisis – TRT World
Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Gotabaya Rajapaksa confirms presidential run in anxious Sri Lanka – Aljazeera.com

“mueller” – Google News: Flynn contacted GOP Mueller critic while cooperating with special counsel – CNN

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
Flynn sent Twitter direct messages to Rep. Matt Gaetz, encouraging the Florida Republican to “keep the pressure on.” It’s not clear if Flynn sent additional messages to other lawmakers.
Read More

Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political criminology” – Google News: ‘I am not a statistic’: Young Central Valley mom graduates from Fresno State – YourCentralValley.com

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
‘I am not a statistic’: Young Central Valley mom graduates from Fresno State FRESNO, California – Graduation ceremonies have started at Fresno State this year. A time to celebrate achievements for all students, and especially those who did it while beating the odds.
Read More

Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Lawbreakers to lawmakers? The ‘criminal candidates’ standing in India’s election – Reuters

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has one unwanted lead in this month’s general election race – according to data from an electoral watchdog it is fielding the most candidates among the major parties who are facing criminal charges.
Read More

Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Norway talks sought ‘peaceful agenda’ with opposition – Venezuela crisis – TRT World

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
President Nicholas Maduro says his government’s envoys went to Nordic country this week to explore “peaceful agenda” with opposition. Handout photo released by Miraflores Palace press office showing Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro sharing a moment with children after an event to give housing to poor families in the neighbourhood of Antimano in Caracas, Venezuela on May 16, 2019.
Read More

Crime and Criminology from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites): “political crimes” – Google News: Gotabaya Rajapaksa confirms presidential run in anxious Sri Lanka – Aljazeera.com

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
Colombo, Sri Lanka – Former defence secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa, accused by rights groups of war crimes during the final months of Sri Lanka’s long-running civil war a decade ago, has confirmed he plans to run for the presidency in the wake of the Easter Sunday attacks that have shattered the country’s uneasy peace.
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The Global Security News: “trumpism” – Google News: The Hell of Working at Trump’s New Favorite Network – The Daily Beast

The Hell of Working at Trump’s New Favorite Network  The Daily Beast

Conspiracy theories, racist outbursts, and a whole lot of Putin love. Working for the far-right One America News Network was a deeply weird experience, former …

“trumpism” – Google News

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: Trumpistan Today: 1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (197 sites): Palmer Report: Down goes William Barr

Attorney General Bill Barr looks like he’s seen a ghost, and he has. It’s the ghost of his freedom. Not even Fox News can soften the landing his reputation is taking on those sharp, obstruction rocks. After Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s filing revealed Michael Flynn witnessed Trump & Co. committing various crimes, (and there are … Continue reading “1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (197 sites): Palmer Report: Down goes William Barr”

Trumpistan Today

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: 1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Gulf Nations ‘Approve US Request To Deploy Troops In The Gulf’

The United States is planning to deploy military forces in the waters of the Arabian Gulf and in a number of Gulf Cooperation Council countries, according to media reports in the region.

The request from Washington was approved by a number of GCC nations,
including Saudi Arabia, according to a report by Al-Sharq Al-Awsat
newspaper, which quoted unnamed Arab diplomatic sources.

The main objective of the move is to allow Washington and Gulf nations
to work together to deter any aggression or military threat from Iran
against its neighbors or US interests in the region, the sources said.
Tensions have escalated following attacks this week on a Saudi oil
pipeline and a number of cargo ships in the Arabian Gulf off the coast
of Fujairah in the UAE.

The sources reportedly said a number of Arab nations also plan to hold a
summit on the sidelines of the Islamic summit scheduled to take place
in Makkah during the last 10 days of Ramadan. They added that the
countries involved “are united by principles and visions that are
consistent with regional and international developments,” according to
the report.

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: 1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Imagining A Cheaper, Fairer Marketplace For Digital Goods

E-commerce is sizzling. Last year, consumers spent more than $517
billion online with US merchants, up 15 percent from the year before,
according to Internet Retailer.

However, independent musicians, self-published authors and others
have sometimes found it difficult to participate in the e-commerce
revolution. That’s because they typically must set up an account with a
third party, say a credit card company, to protect against fraud while
simultaneously increasing the comfort level of potential buyers. Those
credit card accounts, though, cost money. That can result in lower
profits for artists and other online sellers and higher prices for
buyers.

Bhaskar Krishnamachari, a professor at the USC Viterbi School of
Engineering, and Aditya Asgaonkar – a recent undergraduate computer
science alum at BITS Pilani, India who visited and worked with
Krishnamachari at USC Viterbi over several months in 2018 – believe they
have found a way to make the buying and selling of digital goods less
costly, more efficient, and less vulnerable to fraud. Their proposed
solution involves blockchain, “smart contracts,” and game theory.

“Our scheme offers potentially a big improvement over the
state-of-the-art in electronic commerce because it allows buyers and
sellers to interact directly with each other without the need for
third-party mediators of any kind,” said Krishnamachari, a Ming Hsieh
Faculty Fellow in Electrical and Computer Engineering and director of
the Viterbi Center for Cyber-Physical Systems and the Internet of
Things.

“It uses a dual-deposit method, escrowing a safety deposit from both
buyer and seller that is returned to them only when they behave
honestly. And the verification of who is at fault and who is honest is
done automatically by the smart contract,” added Krishnamachari.

On May 15, 2019, Asgaonkar presented the researchers’ joint paper
titled, “Solving the Buyer and Seller’s Dilemma: A Dual-Dual-Deposit
Escrow Smart Contract for Provably Cheat-Proof Delivery and Payment for a
Digital Good without a Trusted Mediator,” at the IEEE International
Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency in Seoul, South Korea.

Asgaonkar and Krishnamachari have created an algorithm that runs on a
programmable blockchain as a “smart contract.” Blockchains allow
multiple stakeholders to transact money or data virtually over linked
peer-to-peer computer networks.

Here’s how it might work.

An author wants to sell her digital masterwork, “The Great American
Novel.” However, she hopes to avoid going through Amazon or some other
company that takes a commission.

Instead, she uses Asgaonkar’s and Krishnamachari’s blockchain-based
solution and lists the book’s price at $20. An interested buyer contacts
her. To ensure an honest deal, both the buyer and seller agree to pony
up a $10 deposit through Ethereum or some other programmable blockchain
platform.

The author then sends the digital book to the buyer, who could only
access it by making a verifiable payment for the correct amount. If the
transaction satisfies everybody, then both parties receive their
deposits back.

But what if someone tries to cheat? What happens, for instance, if
the seller intentionally sends the wrong e-book? What recourse does the
aggrieved party have?

This is where the so-called smart contract kicks in.

The contract stores a good’s digital hash code, or “digital
fingerprint,” in Krishnamachari’s words. The buyer has access to that
code before making a purchase. If they receive an item with a different
hash code, however, they can dispute the transaction. In this instance,
the seller would forfeit their deposit after the algorithm determined
that they had attempted to cheat the buyer.

Now, consider a different scenario in which the buyer tries to cheat
by falsely claiming they received the wrong item. If the digital
fingerprint, shows otherwise, the unscrupulous buyer would lose their
deposit.

Asgaonkar and Krishnamachari call their system “cheat proof.” Their
paper uses game theory to prove mathematically that, in their proposed
protocol, the best option for buyers and sellers is to behave honestly,
lest they lose their deposits or access to desired goods.

“Our solution, a crypto-economic system, disincentivizes malicious
behavior from either party,” said Asgaonkar, now a researcher at the
Ethereum Foundation.

Added Clifford Neuman, a computer scientist at USC Viterbi’s
Information Sciences Institute: “The significance of this work is that
it changes the structure of incentives for correct behavior in online
transactions so that the optimal benefit to both parties occurs when
they transact fairly.”

At present, Asgaonkar’s and Krishnamachari’s system works only with
digital goods because physical products can’t have a cryptographic hash
associated with them. However, physical goods stored in a safe-box that
can be opened with a digital password could be potentially transacted
using their system.

The researchers’ blockchain-based system, under-girded by algorithms
and smart contracts, solves what’s known as the “Buyer and Seller’s
Dilemma,” all without the need for credit-card companies or legal
adjudications, Krishnamachari said.

“The dilemma is that with a traditional online transaction, either
the buyer or seller will have to go first, either trusting that the
buyer will pay honestly after delivery or that the seller will deliver
honestly after payment. But either party has the incentive and ability
to cheat the other if no other dispute resolution mechanism or trust
third party is involved,” Krishnamachari said.

“By providing for the dual-deposit escrow and an automated
verification process as a piece of software running on a blockchain,” he
added, “we are able to guarantee that neither party will cheat the
other.”

A Future of Microtransactions

What most excites Krishnamachari about this new protocol is its
ability to facilitate microtransactions, “which I see as the future of
digital commerce among individuals and between organizations,” he said.

Made popular in games and mobile apps, microtransactions allow users
to pay small amounts of money for virtual goods like a new sword in
“World of Warcraft” or unlocking hidden levels in a game.

However, with the advent of the Internet of Things, the potential for these tiny microtransactions is far, far greater.

Such automated arrangements, for instance, could include
micropayments to the owner of a sensor-laden car digitally providing
another driver with traffic data or air quality information. These and
other microtransactions, Krishnamachari said, will multiply with the
increased interconnection, via the Internet, of data-exchanging
computing devices embedded in everyday objects.

“Creating these data economies is going to require us to lower the
friction for transactions down to zero. And that’s what we’re trying to
do,” Krishnamachari said. “Millions of transactions could become
frictionless, digitized and monetized, and the Internet of Things would
be more robust.”

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: 1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Finding The ‘Goldilocks’ Level Of Enthusiasm For Business Pitches

When it comes to pitching business ideas to potential investors, an
entrepreneur’s excitement and enthusiasm can be the difference between
dreams taking shape or ultimately falling flat.

But it’s not just the intensity of enthusiasm that’s important,
according to a recent study by a team led by Georgia Institute of
Technology researchers. How long an entrepreneur displays the highest
level of excitement during a pitch also plays a major role in predicting
success in receiving funding.

Basically, too much enthusiasm can be a bad thing.

“The findings suggest that investors may interpret prolonged periods
of high enthusiasm as over-optimistic,” said Dong Liu, an associate
professor in Georgia Tech’s Scheller College of Business.
“Over-optimistic entrepreneurs are thought to make irrational decisions
and overestimate their products’ profitability.”

In the study, which was published April 8 in the Academy of Management Journal,
the researchers described using artificial intelligence software to
analyze video pitches for 1,460 business funding proposals for products
posted on the crowd funding website Kickstarter.

The software used facial expression recognition and big data
analytics to measure the intensity of enthusiasm in more than 8 million
frames of video, then recorded how long the presenters stayed at their
maximum level of excitement, which the researchers described as the
point of “peak joy.”

They found that, generally speaking, the higher the peak level of
enthusiasm, the more likely the entrepreneur was to receive funding,
after controlling for differences in the products and business ideas.
But there was a bell curve in the results, where the likelihood of
funding tended to fall as “peak joy” levels went on for too long.

“Although a higher level of peak joy displayed by entrepreneurs
during their pitches leads to better funding performance over time,
prolonged display of peak joy seemed to undermine funding performance,”
Liu said. “Another possible interpretation is that investors may believe
the entrepreneur is acting and the pitch is manipulative. Maybe they
feel the entrepreneur is using his or her excitement to manipulate the
investors’ perceptions in hopes of increasing the odds of getting
funding.”

The facial recognition software analyzed when the presenters made
expressions linked to joy, such as raising the cheek, drawing the
corners of the mouth into a smile, and the movement and position of the
eyes. The researchers noted that the software, called FaceReader, was
even more accurate in recognizing emotions than real people analyzing
those video frames.

The researchers also found another factor that influenced funding
success was at what point during the presentation “peak joy” happened.
They found the most effective times to display enthusiasm was at the
beginning of the pitch and near the end.

“The results of our research could be broadly applicable to
different kinds of audiences, not just those funding projects through
crowd funding websites,” Liu said. “Venture capitalists are looking for
good business ideas on these websites too. But in general these findings
could help inform any business pitch.”

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: 1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Reeling In Syria, Iraq, Islamic State Tries To Surge Online

By Jeff Seldin

While Islamic State fighters in Syria and Iraq have largely been forced underground, the terror group’s other fighters along with its media operatives appear intent on surging, combining an increase in attacks with ramped-up output on social media.

The strategy comes as little surprise to U.S. officials who have long warned the fight against IS would not end with the collapse of its self-declared caliphate in March.

But the wave of propaganda, following the deadly Easter Sunday bombing in Sri Lanka and the release of a new video from IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, seems to be making an impact.

“ISIS media, like Nashir News, has upped its production,” according to Chelsea Daymon, a terrorism and security researcher at American University, using an acronym for the terror group.

“Among supporters, there’s been a lot of chatter about the [Islamic] state being back,” she said. “The Sri Lanka attacks as well as the Baghdadi video have provided a lot of moral support for them.”

Analysis by the SITE Intelligence Group shows that in the past
several weeks IS has claimed responsibility for attacks in at least 13
countries, not including Syria and Iraq.

New provinces

Additionally, it has announced new provinces in Pakistan and India, both of which had previously been categorized under the Afghan-centered IS-Khorasan province.

Just a few weeks earlier, IS announced the creation of a Central African province, praising an attack on army barracks in the Democratic Republic of Congo, killing three soldiers.

Analysts say the heavy focus on areas outside the terror group’s collapsed caliphate is no accident.

“It seems ISIS, via its propaganda approach, are trying to convince that they are far from physically defeated,” Raphael Gluck, co-founder of Jihadoscope, a company that monitors online activity by Islamist extremists, told VOA.

Gluck said much of the terror group’s online activity appears to be picking up on the themes laid out by IS leader Baghdadi in his video, released April 29, when he called on followers to exhibit “steadfastness” in what he described as a “battle of attrition.”

“Editorials and articles in its weekly newspaper suggest a newer
guerrilla-style approach, wearing down enemies by carrying out smaller
attacks,” Gluck said, adding there are also lots of suggestions that the
self-declared caliphate is “gone but not forever.”

“Photo essays that used to appear more frequently are appearing less
often but nevertheless showing daily life — marking the end of a day of
Ramadan fasting, executing enemies — perhaps the sort of propaganda that
makes some wonder: Are they really all that defeated and so landless?”
he said.

More execution images

IS and IS-affiliated outlets have likewise played up Baghdadi’s call for vengeance.

“There’s a big uptick in execution images,” said American University’s Daymon, talking about both official and semiofficial sources of IS propaganda.

“For a long time, there was a lack of photo reports on executions, but stuff has gotten more gruesome,” she said. “Violent images send a message of power and vengeance.”

IS supporters are likewise trying to project their strength on venues like Telegram.

One poster shared by the IS-linked Muharir al-Ansar showed French President Emmanuel Macron handcuffed in an orange jumpsuit as an executioner with a knife looms behind him.

Others showed Russian President Vladimir Putin dead and promised imminent attacks against the U.S. and Britain, seemingly minimizing IS’s losses in Syria, Iraq and in places like Libya and Afghanistan, where its cells have been repeatedly targeted by the U.S. and coalition partners.

But even if IS followers are not capable of making good on such threats, analysts say it may not matter because the target audience is not the West but rather potential IS adherents.

All of this, said Michael S. Smith II, a terrorism analyst and teaching fellow in Johns Hopkins University’s Global Security Studies program, “can have a cumulative effect of demonstrating Islamic State is a viable enterprise that remains worthy of support.”

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)

The Global Security News

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The Global Security News: Counterintelligence from Michael_Novakhov (51 sites): Eurasia Review: Reeling In Syria, Iraq, Islamic State Tries To Surge Online

By Jeff Seldin

While Islamic State fighters in Syria and Iraq have largely been forced underground, the terror group’s other fighters along with its media operatives appear intent on surging, combining an increase in attacks with ramped-up output on social media.

The strategy comes as little surprise to U.S. officials who have long warned the fight against IS would not end with the collapse of its self-declared caliphate in March.

But the wave of propaganda, following the deadly Easter Sunday bombing in Sri Lanka and the release of a new video from IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, seems to be making an impact.

“ISIS media, like Nashir News, has upped its production,” according to Chelsea Daymon, a terrorism and security researcher at American University, using an acronym for the terror group.

“Among supporters, there’s been a lot of chatter about the [Islamic] state being back,” she said. “The Sri Lanka attacks as well as the Baghdadi video have provided a lot of moral support for them.”

Analysis by the SITE Intelligence Group shows that in the past
several weeks IS has claimed responsibility for attacks in at least 13
countries, not including Syria and Iraq.

New provinces

Additionally, it has announced new provinces in Pakistan and India, both of which had previously been categorized under the Afghan-centered IS-Khorasan province.

Just a few weeks earlier, IS announced the creation of a Central African province, praising an attack on army barracks in the Democratic Republic of Congo, killing three soldiers.

Analysts say the heavy focus on areas outside the terror group’s collapsed caliphate is no accident.

“It seems ISIS, via its propaganda approach, are trying to convince that they are far from physically defeated,” Raphael Gluck, co-founder of Jihadoscope, a company that monitors online activity by Islamist extremists, told VOA.

Gluck said much of the terror group’s online activity appears to be picking up on the themes laid out by IS leader Baghdadi in his video, released April 29, when he called on followers to exhibit “steadfastness” in what he described as a “battle of attrition.”

“Editorials and articles in its weekly newspaper suggest a newer
guerrilla-style approach, wearing down enemies by carrying out smaller
attacks,” Gluck said, adding there are also lots of suggestions that the
self-declared caliphate is “gone but not forever.”

“Photo essays that used to appear more frequently are appearing less
often but nevertheless showing daily life — marking the end of a day of
Ramadan fasting, executing enemies — perhaps the sort of propaganda that
makes some wonder: Are they really all that defeated and so landless?”
he said.

More execution images

IS and IS-affiliated outlets have likewise played up Baghdadi’s call for vengeance.

“There’s a big uptick in execution images,” said American University’s Daymon, talking about both official and semiofficial sources of IS propaganda.

“For a long time, there was a lack of photo reports on executions, but stuff has gotten more gruesome,” she said. “Violent images send a message of power and vengeance.”

IS supporters are likewise trying to project their strength on venues like Telegram.

One poster shared by the IS-linked Muharir al-Ansar showed French President Emmanuel Macron handcuffed in an orange jumpsuit as an executioner with a knife looms behind him.

Others showed Russian President Vladimir Putin dead and promised imminent attacks against the U.S. and Britain, seemingly minimizing IS’s losses in Syria, Iraq and in places like Libya and Afghanistan, where its cells have been repeatedly targeted by the U.S. and coalition partners.

But even if IS followers are not capable of making good on such threats, analysts say it may not matter because the target audience is not the West but rather potential IS adherents.

All of this, said Michael S. Smith II, a terrorism analyst and teaching fellow in Johns Hopkins University’s Global Security Studies program, “can have a cumulative effect of demonstrating Islamic State is a viable enterprise that remains worthy of support.”

Eurasia Review

Counterintelligence from Michael_Novakhov (51 sites)

The Global Security News

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